Resources for a Christian worldview

Van Leeuwen



Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen pages


Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen is professor of Philosophy and Department Chair at Eastern University, St Davids, PA. She was born in London, Ontario and is now a resident alien in the USA.

She has a BA (Hons) in Psychology from Queen's University, Kingston (1965), MA in Social Pyschology (1970), a PhD in Social and Cross-Cultural Psychology (1971) and Certificate in African Studies (1971)  from Northwestern. Dr Van Leeuwen is the author of several books on psychology and on gender. Her most recent, A Sword Between the Sexes, deals with C S Lewis and the gender debate. She has served as an editor for Christianity Today and for Journal of Psychology and Theology










1.      Louise H. Kidder and V. Mary Stewart:  Intergroup Relations (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974).  Also translated into German as Voruteile: Zur Sozialpsychologie von Gruppenbeziehlingen (Weinhein und Basel: Beltz Verlag, 1976).

2.         Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen:  The Sorcerer's Apprentice: A Christian Looks at the Changing Face of Psychology.  (Downers Grove, IL:  Intervarsity Press, 1982).

3.        Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen:  The Person in Psychology:  A Contemporary Christian Appraisal.  (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, and U.K.: Intervarsity Press, 1985).

4.         Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen:  Gender and Grace: Love, Work and Parenting In A Changing World:  (U.S. and U.K.: Intervarsity Press, 1990).  (18th English Printing, 2009; translated into Korean, 1994; into Arabic, Cairo: Dar el Thaqafa, 1995; into Chinese: Campus Evangelical Fellowship, 1996).***

5.         Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, Annelies Knoppers, Margaret L. Koch, Douglas J. Schuurman, and Helen M. Sterk: After Eden: Facing the Challenge of Gender Reconciliation.  (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, and U.K.: Paternoster Press 1993).

6.          Anne Carr and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, eds.  Religion, Feminism and the Family (Westminster/John Knox, 1996).

7.          Herbert Anderson, Don Browning, Ian Evison and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, eds. The Family Handbook (Westminster/John Knox, 1998)

8.        Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Stanley J. Grenz, Mardi Keyes and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen. Women and the Future of the Family: The Fourth Annual Kuyper Lecture and Symposium (Grand Rapids MI: Baker, 2000)

 9.     Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, My Brother’s Keeper: What the Social Sciences Do (and Don’t) Tell Us About Masculinity (Downers Grove IL: InterVarsity, 2002);

               Nominated February 2003 for Christianity Today Book Award, Social Issues Category.

               U.K. edition, published under the title Fathers and Sons: The Search for  the New Masculinity (Leicester, U.K.: InterVarsity Press, 2003).

10.       David Blankenhorn, Don S. Browning and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, eds. Does Christianity Teach Male Headship? The Equal Regard Marriage and Its Critics (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2004).

11.     Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, A Sword Between the Sexes? C.S. Lewis and the Gender Debate (Grand Rapids MI: Brazos Press, 2010)


Academic articles


1. V. Mary Stewart,  "Tests of the 'Carpentered World' Hypothesis by Race and Environment.:"  International Journal of Psychology, 1973 8 (1), 12-34.

2. Esther Greenglass and V. Mary Stewart, "The Under-representation of Women in Social Psychological Research."  Ontario Psychologist, 1973 5(2), 21-29.

3. V. Mary Stewart, "Cognitive Style, North American Values, and the Body of Christ."  Journal of Psychology and Theology, 1974, 2(2), 77-88.  (Also reprinted in Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation, 1975, 27(3), 3-13.

4. V. Mary Stewart, "A Cross-Cultural Test of the 'Carpentered World' Hypothesis Using the Ames Distorted Room Illusion."  International Journal of Psychology, 1974, 9(2), 79-89.

5. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "The View from the Lions' Den:  Integrating Psychology and Christianity in the Secular University Classroom."  Christian Scholars' Review, 1976 5, 364-3.

6. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "A Cross-Cultural Examination of Sex Differences in Psychological Differentiation."  International Journal of Psychology, 1978, 13(2), 87-122.

7. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen,  "The Behaviorist Bandwagon."    Three-part Monograph, Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation.

            Part I: "What is Behaviorism?: 1979, 31(1), 3-8.

            Part II:  "A Critique of Ontological Behaviorism from a Christian Perspective."  1979,       31(2), 88-91.

            Part III:  "A Critique of Applied Behaviorism from a Christian Perspective."     1979, 31(3), 129-138.


8. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "The Unfulfilled Apprenticeship of North American Psychology."  Christian Scholar's Review, 1982, 11(4), 291-315.


9. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "Self-Esteem and Sex-Role Development."  In: Craig W. Ellison (Editor), Your Better Self: Christianity and Self-Esteem.  (New York: Harper and Row, 1982).


10. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "I.Q.ism and the Just Society:  Introduction and Historical Perspective."  Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Dec. 1982), 193-200.


11. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, "The Mission of the Christian Liberal Arts College in Relation to the Social Sciences."  Center Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring 1983) 95-113.


12. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen,  "Reflexivity in North American Psychology:  Historical Reflections on One Aspect of a Changing Paradigm."  Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation, Vol. 35, No. 2 (October, 1983), 9-18.


13. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen,  "The Female Reconstructs Psychology, or:  What Have We Done Since the Sixties?"  Journal of Psychology and Christianity, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Summer 1984), 20-32.


14. Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen,  "Between Reductionism and Self-Deification:  The Challenge of the Cognitive Revival"  Center Journal, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Spring, 1985), 39-69.


15. "Bringing Christian Criteria to Bear on Academic Work."  in Kenneth W. Shipps and Joel A. Carpenter (Eds.)  Making Higher Education Christian:  The History and Mission of Evangelical Colleges in America (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987).


16. "Personality Theorizing Within a Christian Worldview" In:  Man and Mind:  A Christian Theory of Personality Vol. 3 of the Christian Vision Series, Center for Constructive Alternatives, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI.  1987.


17. "Christian Maturity in Light of Feminist Theory:  Journal of Psychology and Theology Vol. 16, No. 2 (Summer 1988), pp. 168-192.


18.  "Psychology's Two Cultures:  A Christian Analysis."  Christian Scholar's Review, Vol. XVII, No. 4 (June, 1988), pp. 406-424.


19. "North American Evangelicalism and the Social Sciences:  A Historical and Critical Appraisal."   Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith , Vol. 40, No 4 (Dec. 1988), pp. 194-203.


20. "Should Private Morality Go Public?  A Christian Feminist Evaluation."  Christian Scholar's Review,  Vol. XXII, No. 1 (Sept. 1992), pp. 36-56.


21. "The Christian Mind and the Challenge of Gender Relations," in: James B. Nelson and Sandra P. Longfellow (eds) Sexuality and the Sacred: Sources for Theological Reflection (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1994), pp. 120-30.


22. "Principalities, Powers and Gender Relations." Crux: A Quarterly Journal of Christian Thought and Opinion, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Sept. 1995), pp. 9-16


23. "Abraham Kuyper and the Cult of True Womanhood." Calvin Theological Journal, Vol. 31, No.1 (April, 1996) pp 97-124.


24. "Opposite Sexes or Neighboring Sexes? The Importance of Gender in the Welfare Responsibility Debate."  In: Stanley Carlson-Thies and James

Skillen, eds. Welfare in America: Christian Perspectives on a Policy in Crisis (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), pp. 243-74.


25. "Reinventing the Ties That Bind: Feminism and the Family at the Close of the Twentieth Century."  In: Anne Carr and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, eds.

Religion, Feminism and the Family (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1996), 33-52.


26. "Five Uneasy Questions, or: Will Success Spoil Christian Psychologists?"Journal of Psychology and Christianity, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Summer, 1996),

150-60. Reprinted in Crux:A Quarterly Journal of Christian Thought and Opinion,Vol. 34, No. 3, (Sept. 1998), pp. 30-38


27. "Servanthood or Soft Patriarchy?  A Christian Feminist Looks at the Promise Keepers Movement." Journal of Men’s Studies, Vol. 5, No.3 (Feb. 1997), pp. 233-61.


28. "To Ask a Better Question: The Heterosexuality/Homosexuality Debate Revisited."Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Apr, 1997), pp. 143-158.


29. “The Carrot and the Stick: Kuyper on Gender, Family and Class,” in: Luis Lugo, ed. Religion, Pluralism and Public Life:  Abraham Kuyper’s Legacy for the 21st Century (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000), pp59-84


30.  “Worldwide Develoments in Family and Gender roles,” in Max L. Stackhouse, Tim Dearborn and Scott Paeth, eds. The Local Church in a Global Era  (Grand Rapids MI:  Eerdmans, 2000), pp.75-85.


31. “Faith, Feminism and the Family in an Age of Globalization,” in: Max Stackhouse and Peter Paris eds., Religion, Globalization and the Spheres of Life,(Harrisburg PA: Trinity Press International, 2000), pp. 184-230.


32.  “Scuttling the Schizophrenic Student Mind: On Teaching the Unity of Faith and Knowledge in Psychology,” in: Arlin Miggliazzo, ed. Teaching as an Act of Faith:  Theory and Practice in Church-Related higher Education  (New York: Fordham University Press, 2002), pp. 21-40.


33. “The Signs of Kuyper’s Time and of Ours,” in: Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Stanley J. Grenz, Mardi Keyes and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, Women and the Future of the Family (Grand Rapids MI: Baker, 2000), pp. 75-92


34. Christine Firer Hinze and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, “Whose Health? Whose Marriage? A Christian-Feminist Ethical Response,” in: Don S. Browning, Wm. Doherty, Steven Post, and John Wall, eds.  Marriage, Health and the Professions (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2002), pp. 145-66.


35.  “Gender as a Category of ‘Otherness’: A Reply to Miroslav Volf,” in The Brandywine Forum, Vol. 1: The Jericho Road: A New Call to Global Engagement

(St. Davids PA: Institute for Global Engagement, 2001, pp. 245-56. 


36. “An Agenda for Gender Reconciliation,”  Family Ministry, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Fall 2002), pp. 22-40.


37.  “Of Hoggamus and Hogwash: Evolutionary Psychology and Gender Relations” Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Spring 2002), pp. 101-111.


38. “Aristotle, the Biblical Drama, and the Meaning of Personhood,” in Todd. H. Speidell, ed. On Being a Person: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2002), pp. 15-33.


39. “Is Equal Regard in the Bible?” in David Blankenhorn, Don Browning and Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen, eds. Does Christianity Teach Male Headship? The Equal Regard Marriage and Its Critics (Grand Rapids MI Eerdmans, 2004), pp. 13-22. 


40. “The Moral Psychology of Adoption and Family Ties” (with Gretchen Wrogel) in: Timothy P. Jackson, ed. The Moral and Theological Context of Adoption (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005), pp. 3-31.


41. “Gender Relations and the Biblical Drama,” Journal of Psychology and Theology , Vol. 33, No.2 (2005), pp. 122-26.


42.“What Can We Learn About Masculinity from Developmental Psychology?”  in Nancy Linton and Elizabeth Morgan, eds., Home is Where You’re Going: Crossing Borders and Risking Solidarity Through Women’s Studies (St. Paul MN: Heart & Lungs Press, 2005), pp. 73-89.


43. “From Barmen to Belhar: Public Theology in Crisis Situations,” Princeton Seminary Bulletin, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2006), pp. 23-33.


44. “Opposite Sexes or Neighboring Sexes? What Do the Social Science Really Tell Us?” in Mark Husbands and Timothy Larson, eds., Women, Ministry and the Gospel (Downers Grove IL: InterVarsity, 2007).


45. “A Sword Between the Sexes:  C.S. Lewis’s Long Journey to Gender Equality,” Christian Scholar's Review, Vol. 36, No. 4 (Summer 2007), pp. 392-414.


46.  “What Did C.S. Lewis Say, and When Did He Say It? A Reply to Adam Barkman,” Christian Scholar's Review, Vol.36, No. 4 (Summer 2007), pp. 437-44.


47. “Teaching Equal Regard to the Abandoned Generation: Case Histories from a Psychology of Gender Class,” in John Witte Jr., M. Christian Green and Amy Wheeler, eds., The Equal Regard Family and Its Friendly Critics: Don Browning and the Practical Theological Ethics of the Family (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007), pp. 173-201.


48.  “Opposite Sexes or Neighboring Sexes?  C. S. Lewis, Dorothy Sayers, and the Psychology of Gender,” The Cresset: A Review of Literature, the Arts and Public Affairs, Vol. 70, No. 5 (June 2007), pp. 21-31.