Resources for a Christian worldview

Lucas G. Freire pages

Lucas G. Freire pursues two parallel research agendas - one in Ancient Near Eastern Studies and the other in Politics and Economics. He is an Assistant Professor at Mackenzie Presbyterian University, where he teaches courses in Economics to undergraduate students and develops research on Christianity and markets at the Mackenzie Center for Economic Freedom. He is also a fellow at OBSERVARE / Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa. He holds a PhD in Politics from the University of Exeter.

Lucas is the winner of the Acton Institute 2018 Michael Novak Award for his early career interdisciplinary contribution to the study of religion, politics, and economics in contemporary and historical settings. Since 2013, he has been applying theories in the social sciences to explain and understand political and economic relations in the ancient world.

Before returning to Brazil in 2018 to work at Mackenzie, Lucas had been a Postdoctoral Fellow at the School of Philosophy of North-West University in Potchefstroom. While living in England, he was a Research Associate at the Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics and a Lecturer in International Relations at the universities of Plymouth and Exeter.

Selection of Writings

Most of the academic writings below apply or develop some aspect of Reformational theory. A few of them are listed below as a sample of other writings in the field of Politics. Please contact Dr. Freire for a bibliography of his writings in Ancient Near Eastern Studies.

“Kuyper, a questão social e a resposta cristã,” in O Problema da Pobreza, by Abraham Kuyper, 149-158. Rio de Janeiro: Thomas Nelson Brasil, 2020.

Crisis in the Public Square: A Reformational View,” Journal of Markets & Morality 22, no. 2 (2019): 391-406. The Calihan Lecture, delivered upon reception of the 2018 Michael Novak Award (awarded by the Acton Institute).

Is Neorealism a Deterministic Theory of International Relations?,” International Studies 56, no.1 (2019): 58-67.

Political Thought, International Relations and a Tale of Two Modernities,” Acta Academica 49, no.2 (2017): 34-50.

Security Studies: Towards a Reformational Approach,” Philosophia Reformata 82, no.1 (2016): 1-13. Winner of the 2017 H.G. Stoker Prize for Application of Reformational Philosophy to the Philosophy of a Specific Discipline (awarded by Pro Reformando Trust). Reprint in Simon Polinder & Govert Buijs (eds.) Christian Faith, Philosophy & International Relations: The Lamb and the Wolf (2019). Leiden: Brill, 228-239.

(With Helen Louise Turton) “Peripheral Possibilities: Revealing Originality and Encouraging Dialogue through a Reconsideration of ‘Marginal’ IR Scholarship,” Journal of International Relations and Development 16, no.4 (2016): 534-557.

“Prefácio à Edição Brasileira,” presentation of Cristãos em Babel, by Egbert Schuurman, 7-15. Brasília: Monergismo, 2016.

(With Leonardo Ramos) “Neocalvinismo, Política e Estado: Contextualizando a Abordagem de Herman Dooyeweerd,” editorial introduction to Estado e Soberania: Escritos sobre Cristianismo e Política, by Herman Dooyeweerd, 7-36. São Paulo: Vida Nova, 2014.

“Christian Right,” in Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics, edited by Kerric Harvey and J. Geoffrey Golson. Volume 1, 270-273. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2014.

The Potential and the Pitfalls of Metatheory in IR,” Estudos Internacionais 1, no. 2 (2013): 271-302.

(With Luís Moita and José Subtil) Do Império ao Estado: Morfologias do Sistema Internacional. Lisbon: OBSERVARE/EDIUAL, 2013. [Review 1]

Visions of the Empire: Religion, Ontology and ‘the International’ in Early Modernity,” Janus.NET: E-journal of International Relations 3, no. 2 (2012): 43-71. [Tradução em Português]

(With Marjo Koivisto) “International Relations as a Social Science,” in Oxford Bibliographies Online: International Relations, edited by David Armstrong. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

(With Marjo Koivisto) “State Theory in International Relations,” in Oxford Bibliographies Online: International Relations, edited by David Armstrong. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Religion and Politics in a Global Society: Comparative Perspectives from the Portuguese-Speaking World, The Review of Faith and International Affairs 12, no. 2 (2014): 81-82.

R. Benedetto and D. McKim, Historical Dictionary of the Reformed Churches, 2nd ed, The Sixteenth Century Journal 42, no. 2 (2011): 605-606.

Christopher Carter, Magnetic Fever: Global Imperialism and Empiricism in the Nineteenth Century, British Journal for the History of Science 43, no. 4 (2010): 614-616.

Magazine/ Newspaper Articles

The popular pieces below apply or develop some aspect of Reformational theory, but most part of the time in an implicit way because they are applied articles and opinion pieces. Please contact Dr. Freire for a more complete list of his magazine and newspaper articles.

Quando o Brasil vai deslanchar na liberdade econômica?,” Estadão Blog (Fausto Macedo), 7 November 2019.

Liberdade: duas tradições,” Instituto Monte Castelo, 5 June, 2019.

Pequenas e médias empresas ganham com a MP da Liberdade Econômica,” Gazeta do Povo, 7 May 2019.

Barreiras à importação, um velho debate econômico,” Gazeta do Povo, 13 February, 2019.

Crise dos combustíveis: qual seria o preço justo?,” Gazeta do Povo, 3 June 2018.

Como virá a mudança?,” Instituto Monte Castelo, 13 May 2018.

Direitos de propriedade e assentos reclináveis,” Centro Mackenzie de Liberdade Econômica, 3 April 2018.

Liberdade aumenta no mundo enquanto cai no Brasil,” Instituto Monte Castelo, 2 February 2018.

Qualidade de vida?,” Centro Mackenzie de Liberdade Econômica, 4 May 2017.

Heavyweights,” Woord & Daad, 56, no. 431 (2017): 45-46.

“Some Personal/Practical Advice for the Scholars among Us,” Christian Renewal 34, no. 12 (May 2016): 36-37.

“Politics and the Books of Samuel: ‘Make us a King to Judge Us, Like All the Nations’,” Christian Renewal 34, no. 11 (May 2016): 24-26.

“Women in Office and the Extraordinary General Synod of the Reformed Churches in South Africa,” Christian Renewal 34, no. 8 (Feb. 2016): 14-15.

“Put no Confidence in Princes: Putting Politics in its Proper Place and Context,” Christian Renewal 34, no. 6 (Jan. 2016): 13, 15.

“A Decisive Moment in Christian Higher Education,” Christian Renewal 34, no. 5 (Dec. 2015): 13–14.

“Living Biblical Hebrew,” Christian Renewal 33, no. 11 (April 2015): 32.

“Christian Schools: Challenges and Opportunities,” Christian Renewal 33, no. 9 (March 2015): 28-29.

“Topping up a Christian Classical Education,” Christian Renewal 33, no. 8 (Feb. 2015): 10-11.

“Careful with Secession, Steadfast against Tyranny,” Christian Renewal 33, no. 2 (Oct. 2014): 31.

“Engaging with the Cultural Mandate,” Christian Renewal 33, no. 1 (Sept. 2014): 28-29.

“The Genevan Psalter… in Hebrew?,” Christian Renewal 32, no. 10 (March 2014): 42-43.

“Protests in Brazil: Time for Reformed Politics?,” Christian Renewal 31, no. 16/17 (Jul.-Aug. 2013): 8. [Tradução em Português]

“Westphalia: Montando uma Nova Ordem na Política Mundial,” Cenário Internacional, 30 Sept. 2008.

“Três Enigmas Epistemológicos e a Necessidade de uma Nova Abordagem em Relações Internacionais,” O Debatedouro 60 (2005): 28-30.