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Herman Dooyeweerd

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 Herman Dooyeweerd


Herman Dooyeweerd 7th October 1894 ? 12th February 1977: Dooyeweerd loved art and music and was an accomplished pianist, he enjoyed detective stories and was a supporter of Ajax, the famous Amsterdam football team, but it is not for these things that Dooyeweerd is remembered.  He was the pioneer of the school of ?the philosophy of the cosmonomic principle? or more simply reformational philosophy.  

He has been described as one of the foremost philosophers of the Netherlands.  Dr. P.B. Cliteur, [1] wrote in 1994: ?Herman Dooyeweerd is undoubtedly the most formidable Dutch philosopher of the 20th century. ... As a humanist I have always looked at ?my own tradition? in search for similar examples. They simply don't exist. Of course, humanists too wrote important books, but in the case of Herman Dooyeweerd we are justified in speaking about a philosopher of international repute.?

G.E. Langemeijer, attorney general of the Dutch Appeal Court and chairman of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences, wrote in the Trouw [2] that Dooyeweerd was ?the most original philosopher Holland has ever produced, even Spinoza not excepted?.

 Giorgio Delvecchio, an Italian neo-Kantian philosopher, viewed Dooyeweerd as ?the most profound, innovative, and penetrating philosopher since Kant?. [3]


More recently philosopher Alvin Plantinga stated that ?Dooyeweerd's work was comprehensive, insightful, profound, courageous, and quite properly influential.? [4]

Dooyeweerd was born on 7th October 1894 in Amsterdam to Hermen Dooijeweerd, an accountant, (1850-1919) and Maria Christina Spaling (1862-1948).  Maria was Herman?s second wife, his first had died leaving him three daughters.  Herman was the only boy of a family of five children.

Dooyeweerd?s father was greatly influenced by Abraham Kuyper and Dooyeweerd, who became a Christian at a young age, was immersed in kuyperian thought and neo-calvinism.  He would have heard Kuyper?s newspaper articles read aloud at home and he attended a Christian school whose headmaster Dr J. Woltjer was an associate of Kuyper.

In 1912 he attended the Free University (Vrije Univeriteit, VU) in Amsterdam.  There he studied law.  He was disappointed with the VU as he expected to get a good grounding in the kuyperian worldview. The VU had been founded in 1880 by Kuyper and in Dooyeweerd?s time there were only three faculties.  The law faculty only had three professors: Fabius, Anema and Diepenhorst. In 1917 he received his doctorate for a thesis entitled: ?De Ministerraad in het Nederlandsche Staaatsrecht? (Cabinet Ministers under Dutch Constitutional Law?). 

He then took up the post of an assistant tax collector in Friesland.  In 1918 he moved to Leiden where he had the post of an assistant to a municipal councillor.  He was then asked to become the deputy head of the Public Health department in The Hague.

During this time, he studied independently legal philosophy.  He found that there was much conflict between the different approaches to legal philosophy and this made him convinced that there was a need for a ?genuinely Christian and biblically based insight and foundation?. [5]

Dooyeweerd began to correspond with his brother in law D. H. Th Vollenhoven ? Vollenhoven, also a graduate of the VU, had married Dooyeweerd?s sister in 1918.  In these correspondences Dooyeweerd expressed a desire to ?work out the philosophical foundations of science and of developing a theistic position, along Calvinist lines?. [6]

In May 1921 Vollenhoven became a pastor in The Hague and this gave the two more time to talk together and develop their ideas.

In October 1922 the newly founded research institute of the Ant-Revolutionary Party, a party associated with Kuyper, appointed the 27-year-old Dooyeweerd the first director.  This gave Dooyeweerd the time and opportunity to develop his philosophical ideas. [7]  He married on Jantiena Wilhelmina Fernhout on 19th September1924.

It was during this time that he developed the idea of the religious root of theoretical thought ? the idea that all the sciences are dependent on pre-theoretical presuppositions.

He worked for the ?Kuyper Institute?, as it was known, for four years.  He then accepted an offer to become professor of law at the VU, a position he held for 40 years until his retirement in 1965 at 70.

His brief at the VU was to teach ?Introduction to the Science of Law?, the ?History of traditional Dutch law? and ?Jurisprudence?.  He replaced the ?Introduction? with an ?Encyclopaedia of Legal Science?.

It was at the VU that Dooyeweerd completed his De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee (Amsterdam: 1935-36). This was translated into English in 1953 as The New Critique of Theoretical Thought. This translation contained extensive revisions and additions.  His next planned project was Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy [8] and then the Encyclopaedia of Legal Science. [9]  He was not able to complete these fully during his lifetime.

He founded and was editor in chief (1936-1976) of the journal Philosophia Reformata. 

After the Second World War he travelled extensively to Switzerland, South Africa, France, Belgium, the United States ? including several times to Harvard University - and Canada.  It was the lectures during one of the tours to North America that formed the basis of In the Twilight of Western Thought (1960). 

During 1945 to 1948He wrote a series of articles in the weekly Nieuw Nederland these formed the basis for his book Roots of Western Culture (1979).

In 1948 he was inducted into the Royal Academy of Dutch Sciences.

Dooyeweerd was a prolific author and wrote around 200 articles and books.  The last article he wrote was for Philosophia Reformata in 1975.

Dooyeweerd?s son had this to say of him:


Dooyeweerd was a gifted man but in ways of a very down-to-earth person with his feet on the ground.  We in the family loved him dearly and are, we think justifiably, proud of him.  We remember him as someone who was humble before his God and always strove to be in his service.  In the days just before his death I personally witnessed how he struggled greatly with the fact that in his own eyes he had not done all that he seemingly felt God had called him to do.



1. President of the `Humanist League' in The Netherlands and professor of philosophy at the Technical University of Delft. Cited in Witte Jr.

2. October 6, 1964.  On the occasion of Dooyeweerd?s 70th birthday.  Cited in Witte Jr.

3. Cited in Witte Jr.

4. In ?Christian philosophy at the end of the twentieth century?.

5. Dooyeweerd Jr p. 107.

6. Henderson p. 27.

7. According to Witte Jr: ?His work in these four years culminated in five major articles, including a fifteen-part tract ?In the Struggle for a Christian Politics? [Herman Dooyeweerd, "In den strijd om een Christelijke Staatkunde. Proeve van een fundeering der Calvinistische levens- en wereldbeschouwing in hare Wetsidee," I Antirevolutionaire Staatkunde (henceforth A.R.S.) 7-25 62- 79, 104-118, 161-173, 189-200, 228-244, 309-324, 433-460, 489-504, 528- 542 581-598, 617-634, (1924-5); 2 A.R.S. 244-65, 425-445 (1926). A.R.S. was the monthly journal of the Dr. Abraham Kuyper Foundation, which Dooyeweerd edited for several years. This work will appear as volume B5 of the Collected Works of Dooyeweerd.] and an important monograph ?Calvinism and Natural Law? (contained in volume B1 of the Collected Works of Dooyeweerd).?  Details can be found here.

8. The three volume work has now recently been published by Edwin Mellen Press as A5, A6 and A7 of the Collected Works of Herman Dooyeweerd series.

9. The first volume of this has now been published (translated by Robert D. Knudsen) by Edwin Mellen as A8.  A9-11 will appear shortly.  Details can be found here.

A bibliography of works by Dooyeweerd compiled by Harry Van Dyke is available here.  

Dutch articles 

The numbers correspond to the bibliography prepared by Harry van Dyke

1915b. “De neo-mystiek en Fr. Van Eeden.” [The neo-mysticism of Frederik van Eeden.] Essay dated 27 Nov. 1914. Almanak van het Studentencorps aan de Vrije Universiteit, 1915, pp. 134–60.

1916f. “Lachneia; een sproke.” [Lachneia: A fairy tale.] Fraternitas 3 (1916): 132–41, 161–69.

1920a. “Het vraagstuk der gemeentemonopolies in het belang der volksgezondheid, hoofzakelijk beschouwd in het licht van de nieuwe opvattingen inzake de bedrijfsvrijheid.” [Municipal monopolies in public health and new views about freedom of enterprise.] Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis 81 (1920): 126–51.

1926d. “Calvinisme contra Neo-Kantianisme. Naar aanleiding van de vraag betreffende de kenbaarheid der goddelijke rechtsorde.” [Calvinism contra Neo-Kantianism: Regarding the question of the knowability of the divine order for justice.] Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 20 (1926): 29–74.

1927a. De Bioscoopwet (Wet van de 14den Mei 1926, Staatsblad No. 118), toegelicht met toe¬voeging van verschillende gegevens uit de practijk. pp. 230. [The Cinema Act of 14 May 1926, with examples of its practical operation.] Alphen aan den Rijn: Samson, 1927. (With J. W. Noteboom.)

1928g. “De verhouding van de taak van diaconie, overheid en philanthropie inzake de zieken¬verpleging.” [The relation between the roles of diaconate, government and philanthropy in nursing.] Diaconaal Correspondentieblad 26 (1928): 126–39; 27 (1929): 113f., 158–73. (With A. J. L. van Beek Calkoen, C. Lindeboom and J. Oranje.)

1928h “De universaliteit der rechtsgedachte en de idee van den kultuurstaat.” [The universality of the notion of law and the idea of civilization.] Almanak van het Studentencorps aan de Vrije Universiteit, 1928, pp. 103–21.

1929b. “De Dietsche cultuurgedachte uit Calvinistisch oogpunt bezien.” [The conception of culture in the Greater Netherlandic Movement, considered from a Calvinistic viewpoint.] Jaarboek van het Dietsch Studentenverbond, 1929/30, pp. 44–47.

1931a. Review of Annalen der critische philosophie. Orgaan van het Genootschap voor critische philosophie. Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis 92 (1931): 439–44.

1932b.  De zin der geschiedenis en de “Leiding Gods” in de historische ontwikkeling. [The meaning of history and “God’s guidance” in historical development.] Paper read to the third general meeting of alumni of the Free University, Leeuwarden, 17 May 1932. Publication 5 of the Reünisten-organisatie [alumni organization] of Nil Desperandum Deo Duce. Pp. 20.

1936d. “De strijd om het vraagstuk der Christelijke vakorganisatie van werkgevers in het licht van een oude strijdvraag in de Christelijke levensen wereldbeschouwing.” [The debate about organizations of Christian employers in light of a long-standing issue within the Christian worldview.] Paper read at the general membership meeting of the Association of Christian Employers, held in The Hague, 9 Sept. 1936. De Werkgever, 1 Sept. 1936. Separately published for circulation prior to the meeting by the Christelijke Werk-geversvereeniging. Pp. 31.

1937g. “Compte Rendu Critique: J. Bohatec, Calvin und das Recht (1934).” [Review article of Calvin und das Recht (1934) by J. Bohatec.] Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 15 (1937): 243–58.

1937j. De Gevaren der moderne sociologie. Samenvatting van het referaat, te houden door Prof Dr H Dooyeweerd op het C.S.B.-congres van 1-6 Sept.

1939k. De vrijheid der school en haar verbondenheid in de vervlechting met

1940c. Het tijdsprobleem in de Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee. [The problem of time in the philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea.] Paper presented to the Gereformeerde Psychologische Studievereeniging in its fall meeting [orig. 6 June 1940]. 24 theses. pp. 65. N.p, n.d. [Loosduinen: Drukkerij Kleijwegt]

1940g. “De ‘Théorie de l'institution’ en de staatsleer van Maurice Hauriou.” [The concept of “institution” in the political philosophy of Maurice Hauriou.] Antirevolutionaire Staatkunde (quarterly) 14 (1940): 301–47; 15 (1941): 42–70. NOTE: Journal ceased publication when party went underground; a third instalment of this study was never published; a printer’s proof is in the Dooyeweerd Archief.

1941f. “Een tweegesprek met Prof. Ovink over dogmatische en critische wijsbegeerte. Naar aanleiding van Philosophie und Sophistik door Prof. Dr. B. J. H. Ovink.” [A dialogue with Professor B. J. H. Hovink about “dogmatic” and “critical” philosophy in response to his book Philosophie und Sophistik.] Gereformeerd Theologisch Tijdschrift 42 (1941): 209–27.

1941k. “De zin van het Huwelijk.” [The meaning of marriage.] Eleven theses, published in preparation for the annual study conference of the Vereeniging voor Calvinistische Wijsbegeerte, 6 Jan. 1942. Correspondentie-bladen van de Vereeniging voor Calvinistische Wijsbegeerte 6.4/5 (Dec. 1941): 111f.

1944a. “Aan de Generale Synode der Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland, bijeen te Utrecht op 16 Maart 1944.” [To the General Synod of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, assembled in Utrecht on 16 March 1944.] Letter about the threatened suspension of Professor Klaas Schilder, signed by R. J. Dam, H. Dooyeweerd, M. B. van ’t Veer and D. H. Th. Vollenhoven, and co-signed by more than 700 others. Dated Amsterdam, 10 March 1944. Copy in Dooyeweerd Archief, afdeling Vrijmaking.

1947i. “Calvijn als bouwer.” [Calvin as builder.] Polemios, vol. 2, nos. 22 and 23

1948d. “Introduction à une critique transcendentale de la pensée philosophique.” [Introduction to a transcendental critique of philosophic thought]. In Mélanges philosophiques. Bibliothèque du Xme Congrès international de philosophie 2: 70–82. Amsterdam: L. J. Veen.

1948f. “Een nieuw geschrift over Hauriou's leer der “Institution”. [A new publication on Hauriou’s doctrine of “institution.”] Review article of J. A. Schellekens, O.P., De leer over de “Institution” bij M. Hauriou; een sociologische en rechtswijsgerige studie (diss. Nymegen). Bestuurswetenschappen 2 (1948): 1–15.

1949. “Strafrechtelijke problemen bij de gevangenishervorming” [Problems for criminal law in prison reform]. 28 June 1949. Opening Addresses given at the annual meetings of the Protestantsch-Christelijke Reclasseringsvereniging [Protestant Association of Rehabilitation] Naar het licht! 17.6/7 (1949): 1–12.

1950a. “Natuurlijke Godskennis.” [Natural knowledge of God.] Christelijk Schoolblad 41 (27 April 1950): 1 and 41 (4 May 1950): 1.

1951f. “Het rassenprobleem in Zuid-Afrika.” Paper presented early 1950s (see Verburg, biography, p. 320). MS in Dooyeweerd Archief. [Handwritten notes]

1951g. Review of E. H. ‘s Jacob, Juridisch modernisme in het staatsrecht van onze tijd. Inaugural oration, University of Groningen, 1951. Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis 70 (1951): 348–51.

1952d. “Openingswoord op de herdenkingsbijeenkomst naar aanleiding van de 100ste geboortedag van Prof. Mr. D. P. D. Fabius, I juni 1951.” [Opening address at the commemoration of the 100th birthday of Professor Fabius, 1 June 1951, held in the English Reformed Church, Begijnhof, Amsterdam.] In I. A. Diepenhorst, ed., Fabius herdacht. pp. 9–11. Delft: Van Keulen, 1952

1953g. “Het recht bezien in het licht van de Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee.” [Right/law/justice in light of the Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea.] Paper presented at the Conference of the Association of Law Faculties in the Netherlands held at Woudschoten, 20 Nov. 1953. Brief summary in Ars Aequi 3.4 (1953/54): 75f.

1954a. “Perikelen van een historistische rechtstheorie; een critische beschouwing naar aanleiding van Inleiding tot de studie van het Nederlands recht, 11e druk, door Prof. Mr. L. J. van Apeldoorn.” [The hazards of a historicistic theory of law: A critical appraisal of L. J. Van Apeldoorn, Inleiding tot de studie van het Nederlands recht, 11th impr.] Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis 73 (1954): 25–54.

1954k. “De wijsbegeerte en het hoger onderwijs in de rechtswetenschap.” [Philosophy and higher education in the science of law.] Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte en Psychologie 16.4 (1954): 191–94.

1957g. De rechtshistorische oorsprong van het beginsel “Meubles n’ont pas de suite” (roerend goed heeft geen gevolg in de derde hand) en zijn uitwerking in ons huidig burgerlijk recht. pp. 17. [The historical origin of the rule that “security rights to personal property do not prejudice third parties” [???]” and its effect in our current civil law.] Amsterdam: H. J. Paris, n.d.

1967b “Herdenking van Anne Anema.” [Commemoration of Anne Anema.] Jaarboek der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1966–1967. pp. 373–81

Articles in German

1967c. “Die Philosophie der Gesetzesidee und ihre Bedeutung für die Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie.” [The Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea and its significance for legal and social philosophy.] Archiv für Rechtsund Socialphilosophie 53.3 (1967): 1–30; 53.4 (1967): 465–513. Part 1 and part 2.

Articles in French

1994a. L’idée Chrétienne de l’état. Notes et Documents (ns) 39/40 (January):38-52. [With an introduction by H.E.S. Woldring]

Bibliography of English works

Herman Dooyeweerd Jr, ‘Herman Dooyeweerd – a biographical sketch’ in Herman Dooyeweerd Christian Philosophy and the Meaning of History (Edwin Mellen Press: Lewsiton,1996).

Herman Dooyeweerd ‘The Last Interview of Dooyeweerd’ in J.M. van Dunné, P. Boeles and A.J. Heerma van Voss (eds): Acht civilisten in burger (Zwolle: W.E.J. Tjeenk Willink, 1977). (Translated for study purposes by Dr. J. Glenn Friesen)

R. D. Henderson Illuminating Law: The Construction of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy 1918-1928(Buijten & Schipperheijn, Amsterdam, 1994)

H. Evan Runner Dooyeweerd’s passing and appreciation The Banner 1977

Witte Jr., John, ‘Introduction’ in A Christian Theory of Social Institutions, by Herman Dooyeweerd, trans. Magnus Verbrugge. (Paideia Press: Ontario, 1986)

Dooyeweerd's English writings

The Reformational Publishing Project and Paideia Press are working hard to get out the Collected works of Herman Dooyeweerd out at an affordable price.

The following is a tentative list of Dooyeweerd's Collected Works as currently envisaged by the General Editor:

A Series – Multiple Volume Sets

 1. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought. Vol. 1/1 (564 pp.)
 2. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought. Vol. 1/2 (596 pp.)
 3. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought. Vol. 1/3 (781 pp.)
 4. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought. Vol. 1/4 (257 pp.)
 5. Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy. Vol. 5/1 (404 pp.)
 6. Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy. Vol. 5/2 (420 pp.)
 7. Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy. Vol. 5/3 (294 pp.)
 8. Encyclopedia of the Science of Law. Vol. 8/1 (260 pp.)
 9. Encyclopedia of the Science of Law. Vol. 8/2 (260 pp.)
10. Encyclopedia of the Science of Law. Vol. 8/3 (260 pp.)
11. Encyclopedia of the Science of Law. Vol. 8/4 (260 pp.)
12. Encyclopedia of the Science of Law. Vol. 8/5 (260 pp.)

B Series – Smaller Works and Collections of Essays
13. Inaugural Address (1926). (130 pp.)
14. Time, Law, and History. (320 pp.)
15. Essays in Legal, Social, and Political Philosophy. (176 pp.)
16. The Crisis in Humanist Political Theory. (214 pp.)
17. The Struggle for a Christian Politics. (334 pp.)
18. The Roots of Western Culture. (256 pp.)
19. In The Twilight of Western Thought. (180 pp.)
20. Christian Philosophy and the Meaning of History. (130 pp.) 
21. Transcendental Problems of Philosophical Thought. (100 pp.) 
22. Political Philosophy. (132 pp.)

D Series – Thematic Selections From Series A & B
23. Articles on Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. 
24. Articles on Philosophy and Theology.
25. Articles on Law, Society, and Political Thought.
26. Volume To Be Determined.
27. Volume To Be Determined. 
28. Volume To Be Determined.

A number of Dooyeweerd's works are being made available on-line by the Reformational Publishing Project and Paideia Press:

  • Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular, and Christian Options PDF (pdf file 11 meg)
  • Sociology of Law and Its Philosophical Foundations PDF (pdf file 1 meg)
  • A New Critique of Theoretical Thought I-II PDF (pdf file 53 meg)
  • A New Critique of Theoretical Thought III-IV PDF (pdf file 7 meg)
  • Beteekenis Der Wetsidee Voor Rechtswetenshap en Rechtsphilosophie PDF (pdf file 6 meg)
  • Creation and Evolution PDF (pdf file 4 meg)
  • De Wijsbegeerte Der Wetsidee I PDF (pdf file 22 meg)
  • De Wijsbegeerte Der Wetsidee II PDF (pdf file 24 meg)
  • De Wijsbegeerte Der Wetsidee III PDF (pdf file 26 meg)
  • Introduction to a Transcendental Criticism of Philosophic Thought PDF (pdf file 593 k)
  • The Analogical Concepts PDF (pdf file 2 meg)
  • The Contest About the Concept of Sovereignty in Modern Jurisprudence and Political Science 1 PDF(pdf file 1 meg)
  • The Criteria of Progressive and Reactionary Tendencies in History PDF (pdf file 1 meg)
  • The Theory of Man: Thirty-two Propositions on Anthropology PDF (pdf file 935 k)
  • Vernieuwing en Bezinning PDF (pdf file 15 meg)

By Dooyeweerd in English
1932. ARJA [Antirevolutionaire Jongerenactie]De Standaard Tues. 29 Nov. 1932.

1942. "The essence of Christianity." A talk given at a meeting of the Comité Levensvragen (Committee for Studying the Questions of Life) sponsored by the Gereformeerde Kerk of Amsterdam South, Sunday, March 1, 1942. Translated by Harry Van Dyke in 2013.

1947. Introduction to transcendental criticism of philosophic thought. Evangelical Quarterly 19: 47-51

1948. Transcendental Problems of Philosophic Thought: An Inquiry into the Transcendental Conditions of Philosophy. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.

1951. 'The contest about the concept of sovereignty in modern jurisprudence and political science' Free University Quarterly 1: 85-106.

1953-8. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought 4 vols. Presbyterian and Reformed, Philadelphia.
This was a revision and a translation of the Dutch.

1957. 'Del Vecchio's idealistic philosophy of the law viewed in the light of a transcendental critique of philosophic thought' Philosophia Reformata 22: 1-20, 101-24.

1958. 'The criteria of progressive and reactionary tendencies in history' in Verslag van de plechtige viering van het honderdvijftigjarig bestaan der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 6-9 Mei: 213–28

1960 "Christianity, Humanism and the European Future:" Delta, Winter issue, pp. 39-41.

1960. 'What is Man?' International Reformed Bulletin 3 (6): 4-16.

1960. In the Twilight of Western Thought: Studies in the Pretended of Philosophical Thought. Prebyterianand Reformed: Philadelphia. (Republished in 1972 by Craig Press, Nutley NJ).

1966. The secularisation of science. (Translated by Robert D. Knudsen.) International Reformed Bulletin 9: 2-18.

1968. The Christian Idea of the State (Translated by John Kraay) (The Craig Press, Nutley NJ)

1971. Cornelius van Til and the transcendental critique of theoretical thought. Jerusalem and Athens: critical Discussion on the theology and Apologetics of Cornelius Van Til (with a response by Van Til) Philadelphia. Also available on the Van Til CD.

1971. Sociology and law and its philosophical foundations. Truth and Reality: Essays Dedicated to H G Stoker Braamfontein.

1979. The problem of the relationship of nature and grace in the Calvinistic law-idea. Anakainosis 4: 13-15

1979. Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular and Christian Options. Wedge: Toronto.

1986. A Christian Theory of Social Institutions. The Herman Dooyeweerd Foundation: La Jolla CA.

On Dooyeweerd

On Dooyeweerd: a bibliography 10 page pdf

On Dooyeweerd: a bibliography Complied by Steve Bishop

1917-1960 Perspectif Kok: Kampden, 1961. Pp 71-86
1961-194 in Philosphy and Christianity De Gaay Fortman et al. (ed.) (1965). Pp 449-452.
Steve Bishop 2006. Dooyeweerd bibliography (1915-1986) An accidental blog 23 October
Steve Bishop 2006. On Dooyeweerd: a bibliography An accidental blog. 10 November [Precursor to this bibliography]
Bernard Zylstra. 1975. ‘Bibliography of the Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea and related materials’. Mimeo, ICS. Partly published as an appendix in L Kalsbeek (1975)

Introductions to Dooyeweerd (in English)

Roy Clouser. 1991. The Myth of Religious Neutrality: An Essay on the Hidden Role of Religious Beliefs in Theories. University of Notre Dame Press: Notre Dame (2nd edn 2005)
L. Kalsbeek. 1975. Contours of Christian Philosophy: An Introduction to Dooyeweerd’s Thought. Wedge, Toronto.
J. M. Spier 1954. An Introduction to Christian Philosophy. Presbyterian and Reformed: Philadelphia.
S. T. Wolfe. 1978. A Key to Dooyeweerd. Presbyterian and Reformed: Philadelphia.

On Dooyeweerd (in English)

Gregory Baus 2005. ‘Dooyeweerd’s societal sphere sovereignty: neither tax based nor laissez-faire‘ (VU Masters paper)
Tim Black A Transcendental Analysis and Critique of Dooyeweerd’s Distinction between Naïve and Theoretical Thought
Philip Blosser. 1993. ‘Reconnoitering Dooyeweerd’s theory of manPhilosophia Reformata 58 (2) 192-209 (a revised version of ‘Soul and body in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd’ Tydskrif vir christelike Wetenskap 27 (1) (1991) 57-82)
Vincent Brummer. 1961. Transcendental Criticism and Christian Philosophy: A Presentation and Evaluation of Herman Dooyeweerd’s ‘Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea. Wever: Franeker.
Vincent Brummer. ‘The dilemma of Christian Philosophy’. In De Gaay Fortman et al. (ed.) pp 166-177.
David Caudill. 2007. Christian Legal Theory: The Example of Dooyeweerd's Critique of Romanist Individualism and Germanic Communitarianism in Property Law, 5 Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 531-560.
Alan Cameron. 1997. Implications of Dooyeweerd’s legal philosophy for political theory. Nuances[electronic] 5 (August) Pt 5.
Alan Cameron. 1997. ‘A Reformational Perspective on Law and Justice’. Chapter 13 in Signposts of God's Liberating Kingdom: Perspectives for the 21st Century Vol. 1, 1997(Potchefstroom: IRS.) , pp 189-204
Alan Cameron. 1998. Dooyeweerd’s jurisprudential method: legal causality as a case study. ALTA 1998 Conference Proceedings vol 2: 595-634.
Alan Cameron. 1998. Dooyeweerd on law and morality: legal ethics - a test case. Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 28 (1): 263-281.
Alan Cameron. 2000. ‘Implications of Dooyeweer’s encyclopedia of legal science’. In Strauss and Botting (ed.)
Alan Cameron.2000. Between norm and fact: the jurisprudence of Herman Dooyeweerd [unpub article].
Alan Cameron.2004. The Encyclopedia of the Science of Law: a provisional assessment of the Legal Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd
Charles Cameron. 1991. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd’. In J. D. Douglas (ed.) From The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Baker: Grand Rapids.
Jonathan Chaplin.1995. ‘Dooyeweerd’s Notion of Societal Structural Principles’. Philosophia Reformata60:16-36
Jonathan Chaplin. 2006. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd’. In New Dictionary Of Christian Apologetics (ed.) Campbell Campbell-Jack et al. Leicester: IVP.
Yong-Joon Choi. 2006. Dialogue and Antithesis: A Philosophical Study on the Significance of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Transcendental CritiqueCalifornia: Hermit Kingdom Press.
Gordon Clark. 19656. ‘Cosmic time’. Gordon Review (Feb): 94-96.
Roy Clouser. 1972. ‘Transcendental critique, ontological reduction, and religious belief in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd.’ PhD Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.
Roy Clouser. 1996. ‘A Sketch of Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy of Science’. In Facets of Faith and Science, Ed. J. Van der Meer. (Lanham: University Press of America, 1996), vol. 2: 81-98.
Roy Clouser. 1995. ‘The Uniqueness of Dooyeweerd’s Program for Philosophy and Science: Whence the Difference?’ In Christian Philosophy at the Close of the 20th Century, Ed. Griffoen & Balk (Netherlands: Kampen, Kok, 1995): 113-125.
Gordon H Clark. 1999. The Toronto school. Trinity Review (August)
A. L. Conradie. 1960. The Neo-Calvinist Concept of Philosophy. University Press: Natal, South Africa
Antoni Diller. 1975. The Christian philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd: Some observations on his transcendental critique of theoretical thought. Departemnt of Theology, University of Birmingham.
Antoni Diller. 1990. Herman Dooyeweerd – a profile of his thought. Spectrum 22(2): 139-154.
J. Douma. no date. Another Look at Dooyeweerd: Some Critical Notes Regarding the Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea. Winnipeg: Premier Publishing.
W. F. De Gaay Fortman et al. (eds) 1965. Philosophy and Christianity: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Professor Dr Herman Dooyeweerd. North-Holland: Amsterdam.
Jan Dengerink. 1965. ‘Hauriou and Dooyeweerd’. In De Gaay Fortman (ed.)
J. J. Duyvene de Wit. 1965. ‘The impact of Herman Dooyeweerd’s christian philosophy upon present daybiological thought’. In De Gaay Fortman (ed.)
John Frame. 1972. The Amsterdam Philosophy: A Preliminary Critique. Phillipsburg, NJ.
David H Freeman. 1958. ‘A new school of Christian philosophy’ Journal of Religion 38 (1958): 46-53
David H. Freeman. 1962. ‘The neo-Augustinianism of Hemran Dooyeweerd’ Recent Studies in Philosophy and Theology. Presbyterian & Reformed: Philadelphia. Pp 33-63.
David H. Freeman. 1962. ‘Some critical comparisons’ [Martain, Gilson, Dooyeweerd and Tillich]. Recent Studies in Philosophy and Theology. Presbyterian & Reformed: Philadelphia. Pp 90-111.
J. Glenn Friesen’s The mystical Dooyeweerd. Ars Disputandi part I and part II
J. Glenn Friesen Dooyeweerd and Bader: A response to D F M Strauss
J. Glenn Friesen’s translation of Dooyeweerd’s ‘De Kentheoretische Gegenstandsrelatie en de Logische Subject-Objectrelatie‘ Philosophia Reformata
J. Glenn Friesen.2005. ‘Individuality structures and enkapsis: individuation from totality in Dooyeweerd and German Idealism’ .
J. Glenn Friesen. 2005. ‘Dooyeweerd, Spann, and the philosophy of totality‘ Philosophia Reformata 70: 2-22
J. Glenn Friesen. 2005. ‘Dooyeweerd versus Vollenhoven’ Philosophia Reformata 70: 102-
J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. ‘Kuyper, Dooyeweerd and the Quest for an Ecumenical Orthodoxy’ Lecture at Redeemer University College, Ancaster Ontario, November 15, 2005.
J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. ‘Why did Dooyeweerd want to tear out his hair?’.
J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. ‘The religious dialectic revisited part 1.’
J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. ‘Imagination, Image of God and Wisdom of God: Theosophical Themes in Dooyeweerd's Philosophy’.
J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. ‘Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy of Aesthetics: A Response to Zuidervaart's Critique’.
J. Glenn Friesen (ed.). 2007. ‘The Romantic Poetry of Herman Dooyeweerd Flores Mystici HD 1912-13’.
J. Glenn Friessen. 2007. ‘95 theses on Dooyeweerd’.
J. Glenn Friessen. 2015. Neo-Calvinism and Christian Theosophy: Franz Baader, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Dooyeweerd. Calgary, ON.: Aevum Books. Interview with Friesen: part 1 and part 2
Gerit Glass. 2002. Churchland, Kandel and Dooyeweerd on the Reducibility of Mind States. Philosophia Reformata 67: 148-172
Henry R. Van Til. 1955. ‘Anniversary : The First 25 Years of Prof. Herman Dooyeweerd’ Torch and Trumpet4.6 (Feb/March 1955): 6–8.
Sander Griffoen and Bert M Balk (eds). 1995. Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective . Kampden: Kok.
H. Hart, J. van der Hoeven and N Wolterstorff. 1983. Rationality in the Calvinian Tradition. University Press of America: Lanham.
Hendrik Hart. 1985. ‘Dooyeweed’s Gegenstand theory of theory’. In McIntire (ed.)
Hendrik Hart. 2000. ‘Notes on Dooyeweerd, reason and order’. In Strauss and Botting (ed.)
Andrew Hartley. 2004. The Philosophy of the Law Idea and the Role of the Prescientific in Statistical Inference. Journal of the ACMS (December)
R D Henderson. 1994. Illuminating Law: The Construction of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy. Free University: Amsterdam.
Irving Hexham. 1984. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd’. In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology: 330-331.
Arthur F. Holmes. 1964. ‘Dooyeweerd: some questions and an alternative’. Reformed Journal 14 (Jan): 11-14.
Arthur F. Holmes. 1963. ‘Dooyeweerd: his philosophic method’ Reformed Journal 13 (Nov): 14-16.
Arthur Holmes. 1971. Christian philosophy of science: unfinished business. Journal of the American Scientific Association 23 (March): 4-6.
Arthur Holmes. 1974 edn. Christian philosophy. Encyclopaedia Britanica Vol 4: 555-556.
Ronald Jaeger. 1964. ‘Dooyeweerda nd the irony of rationalism’ The Reformed Journal (Sept): 9-13; (Oct): 16-21.
Dirk W. Jellma.1954. ‘The philosophy of Vollenhoven and Dooyeweerd’ Calvin Forum 19 (Apr): 169-172; (May):192-194.
Rob Joustra. 2004. Progress and Differentiation: A Critical Exposition on the Philosophy of History of Herman Dooyeweerd and Christopher Dawson
Earl William Kennedy. 1973. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd on history: an attempt to understand him’ Fides et Historia 6: 1-21.
Jacob Klapwijk. 1980. The struggle for a Christian philosophy: another look at Dooyeweerd. Reformed Journal 30 (Feb): 12-15; (Mar): 20-24.
Jacob Klapwijk. 1980. Dooyeweerd’s Christian philosophy: antithesis and critique. Reformed Journal 30 (3): 20-24.
Robert D. Knudsen. 1954. The idea of Christian scientific endeavor in the thought of Herman Dooyeweerd.Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation 6 (2): 8-12.
Robert D. Knudsen. 1962. ‘Dooyewerd’s philosophic method’. Lecture delivered at the annual philosophy conference, Wheaton College. (mimeo)
Robert D. Knudsen. 1979. Dooyeweerd’s doctrine of science. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation31 (September): 209-212.
Robert D. Knusden.1986. The transcendental perspective of Westminster’s apologetic. Westminster Theological Journal. 48 (2): 223-239.
Robert D. Knudsen. 2000. ‘The religious foundation of Dooyeweerd’s transcendental method’. In Strauss and Botting (ed.)
Richard Kroner. 1954-5 A new critique of theoretical thought. Review of Metaphysics 8 (3) 321-4.
David T. Koyzis Dooyeweerd Revised
John Kraay. 1979-80. ‘Successive conceptions in the development of the Christian philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd’ Philosophia Reformata 44: 137-49; 45: 1-46.
T. H. Leith.1972. Notes on the presdisposition of scientific thought and practice. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation 24 (June): 51-57.
J. J. Louet Feisser. 1965. ‘Kant without end? The critique of Kant in the work of Dooyeweerd in De Gaay Fortman et al. (eds) 1965
Paul Marshall. 1985. ‘Dooyeweerd’s empirical theory of rights.’ In McIntire (ed.)
C T McIntire. 1985a. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd in North America’. In Reformed Theology in America, D F Wells (ed). Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.
C T McIntire (ed.). 1985b. The Legacy of Herman Dooyeweerd: Reflections on Critical Philosophy in the Christian Tradition. University Press of America: Toronto.
C. T. McIntire. 1985c. ‘Dooyeweerd’s philosophy of history’. In McIntire (ed.).
Robert MacLarkey. 1991. ‘Reformational social philosophy and sociological theory’. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 43: 96-102 [response by Heddendorf ].
Hugo Meynell. 2003. The philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd: a transcendental Thomist appraisal. Faith and Philosophy 20: 265-87.
Ronald Nash. 1962. Dooyeweerd and the Amsterdam Philosophy. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.
James H. Olthuis.1985. ‘Dooyeweerd on religion and Faith’. In McIntire (ed.).
James H. Olthuis. 2006. Spiritual convergence and philosophical differences. Redeemer conference.
C. Orlebeke. 1954. ‘What is calvinistic philosophy? Calvin Forum 19: 139-140.
Paul Otto. 2005. ‘In the twilight of Dooyeweerd’s corpus’. Philosophia Reformata 70 (1)
W J Ouweneel. 1993. ‘Supratemporality in the Transcendental Anthropology of Herman Dooyeweerd’Philosophia Reformata 58: 210-220.
Jim Payton and Rob Joustra ‘The vindication of tradition: a response‘ 24 (Sept): 11-17.
Jack Roeda. 1969. ‘Structure and revolution: Herman Dooyeweerd and Helmut Thielicke’. Stromata 15 (Oct): 3-7.
Mark Roques. Crocodiles and Christian philosophy.
Richard Russell. 1991. In defence of Dooyeweerd and of Christian philosophy. Spectrum 23 (2): 147-159.
Calvin Seerveld. 1965. ‘Dooyeweerd’s contribution to the historiography of philosophy’ in De Gaay Fortman (ed.)
Calvin Seerveld.1996. Dooyeweerd’s idea of “historical development”: Christian respect for cultural diversity. Westminster Theological Journal 58(1): 41-61
Calvin Seerveld. 1985. ‘Dooyeweed’s legacy for aesthetics: modal law theory’. In McIntire (ed.)
Norman Shepherd. 1971. The doctrine of Scripture in the Dooyeweerdian philosophy. Outlook 21 (Feb): 18-21; (March): 20-23.
James W. Skillen. 1973. The development of Calvinistic political theory in the Netherlands: with Special reference to the thought of Herman Dooyeweerd. PhD Dissertation. Duke University.
James Skillen. 1979. Herman Dooyeweerd’s contribution to the philosophy of social science. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation 31: 20-24.
Henry J. Stob. 1977. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd’. Reformed Journal 27 (Apr): 2-3.
Pete Steen. 1961. The supra-temporal self-hood in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. Master’s Dissertation. Westminster Theological Seminary.
Pete Steen. 1983. The Structure Of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Thought. Wedge: Toronto.
D. F. M. Strauss. 1983. ‘Dooyeweerd and Modern Mathematics’ Reformational Forum no .2 pp.5-17.
D. F. M. Strauss. 1995. ‘The Significance of Dooyeweerd's Philosophy for the Modern Natural Sciences’. In: S. Griffioen & M. Balk (eds)
D F M Strauss.2004. Intellectual Influences upon the Reformational Philosophy of Dooyeweerd.Philosophia Reformata 69: 151-181.
D F M Strauss. 2006. Appropriating the legacy of Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven. Redeemer conference.
D. F. M. Strauss. 2006. The best known but least understood part of Dooyeweerd's philosophy Journal of Christian Scholarship 42 (1 & 2):61-80).
D F M Strauss and Michelle Botting (eds). 2000. Contemporary Reflections on the Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. Edward Mellen: Lewiston.
Dale K. Van Kley. 1975. ‘Dooyeweerd as historian’. In G. Marsden and F. Roberts (ed.) A Christian View of History? Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.
Cornelius Van Til. 1953. Review of A New Critique of Theoretical Thought, Vol. I. Westminster Theological Journal 16: 180–83.
Cornelius Van Til.1977. Herman Dooyeweerd (a personal tribute). Westminster Theological Journal. 39 (2): 319-27
Cornelius Van Til. 1971. ‘Response’ to H. Dooyeweerd ‘Cornelius Van Til the transcendental critique of theoretical thought’ In E Gehan (ed.) In E R. Goheen (ed.) Jerusalem and Athens: Critical Discussions on the Philosophy and Apologetics of Cornelius Van Til. Presbyterian & Reformed: Nutley, NJ.
Cornelius Van Til. 1971. Richard Korner on Herman Dooyeweerd. In Truth and Reality: Philosophical Perspectives on reality Dedicated to Professor H. G. Stoker. De Jong’s Bookshop: Braamfontein, South Africa.
Nick Van Til. 1973. ‘Dooyeweerd’s “history” and the historian‘. Pro Rege 2 (Dec): 7-15.
C A Van Peursen. 1965. Does ‘meaning’ make sense? Some remarks on the ‘antithesis’ in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. In De Gaay Fortman et al (ed.)
M.E. Verburg. 2015. Herman Dooyeweerd: The Life and Work of a Christian Philosopher. (Translated and edited by H.D. Morton and H. Van Dyke.) Jordan Station, ON: Paideia Press.
Brian J Walsh and Jon Chaplin.1983. ‘Dooyeweerd’s contribution to a Christian philosophical paradigm’.Crux 19 (1): 8-22.
Nicholas Wolterstorff ‘Dooyeweerd: an appreciation’ unpublished (written in the mid-1960s and presented to a Calvin Faculty Forum)
Al Wolters. 1983. ‘Dutch neo-calvinism: worldview, philosophy and rationality’. In Hart et al. (1983)
Al Wolters. 1985. ‘The intellectual milieu of Herman Dooyeweerd’. In McIntire (ed.) (1985).
Colin Wright. 1999. ‘Dooyeweerd made easy (well ... easier)’. Christianity and Society IX (1): 21-27.
William Young. 1966. ‘Herman Dooyeweerd’. In P. E. Hughes (ed.) Creative Minds in Contemporary Theology. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids : 270-306.
William Young. ‘The nature of man in the Amsterdam philosophy’ Westminster Theological Journal 22: 1-12.
William Young. 1952. Toward a reformed philosophy: the development of a Protestant philosophy in Dutch Calvinistic thought since the time of Abraham Kuyper Grand Rapids: Piet Hein.
Lambert Zuidervaart 2004. The great turning point: religion and rationality in Dooyewerd’s transcendental critique . Faith and Philosophy 21 (1) : 65-89.
Lambert Zuidervaart. 2006. Reformational philosophy after Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven. Redeemer conference.
Uko Zylstra. 1981. ‘Dooyeweerd’s concept of classification in biology’. In Life is Religion: Essays in Honor of H. Evan Runner. Paideia: St Catherine’s.

Study guides to Dooyeweerd’s work
Steve Bishop In the Twilight of Western Thought
Steve Bishop Roots of Western Culture – under construction
Steve Bishop Christian Theory of Society Institutions – under construction
Steve Bishop Christian Idea of the State -- under construction
Paul Robinson New Critique of Theoretical Thought – under construction

Useful sites

The Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy is committed to making available in English the works of Dutch Christian philosopher, Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), and through this to promote philosophical work shaped by Christian beliefs.

The Dooyeweerd Pages is a growing website - managed by Andrew Basden - designed to aid scholars in understanding the philosophical framework of the late Herman Dooyeweerd.

Glenn Friessen's site Studies relating to Herman Dooyeweerd.